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According to the Agrifood and Fisheries Information Service (SIAP) of the Government of Mexico: The origin of the Rosca de Reyes is a tradition that had its beginnings in the Middle Ages (14th century) in European countries such as France and Spain that shortly after , arrived in Mexico during the conquest. Since then it is customary to break a bagel, which is characterized by its circular shape, a symbol of God's eternal love that has no beginning or end.

The story tells that three Wise Men, Melchor, Gaspar and Baltazar, (mounted on a camel, a horse and an elephant), traveled from the East to Jerusalem guided by a star, to adore a newborn prophet and bring him three offerings: gold, frankincense and myrrh. The three "Kings of the East" found the Child, who was three days old, prostrated themselves before him and gave him the three offerings. The day that the Three Wise Men finally meet Baby Jesus is called the Epiphany, an encounter that symbolizes the Rosca de Reyes.


For Christians, the oval shape of the bagel represents the infinite circle of love for God. The crystallized dried fruits that adorn the bread symbolize the jewels embedded in the crowns of the Magi, the hidden doll represents the Child Jesus.

In Mexico there is a tradition that whoever finds the figure of the Child Jesus must take care of it until February 2, which is celebrated on "Candelaria Day".

Thus, at present, in the early morning of January 6, children receive gifts that the kings leave for them in their homes in representation of the gifts that they brought to the Child Jesus.

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